Change management process models | Kotter, Jick, Garvin, Mento et al / by Diederik Zunneberg

Change management process models | Kotter, Jick, Garvin, Mento et al | click on image to enlarge

John Kotter (1995)
1. Establish sense of urgency
2. Form a powerful guiding coalition
3. Create a vision
4. Communicate the vision
5. Empower others to act on vision
6. Plan for and create short-term wins
7. Consolidate improvements, producing more change
8. Institutionalize new approaches

 

 

Todd Jick (1991)
1. Analyse the organisation and its need for change
2. Create a shared vision and common direction
3. Separate from the past
4. Create a sense of urgency
5. Support a strong leader role
6. Line up political sponsorship
7. Craft an implementation plan
8. Develop enabling structures
9. Communicate, involve people, be honest
10. Reinforce and institutionalize the change

David Garvin (2000)
1. Analyse the organisation and its need for change
2. Create a shared vision and common direction
3. Separate from the past
4. Create a sense of urgency
5. Support a strong leader role
6. Line up political sponsorship
7. Craft an implementation plan
8. Develop enabling structures
9. Communicate, involve people, be honest
10. Reinforce and institutionalize the change

Anthony Mento, Raymond Jones, Walter Dirndorfer (2002)
1. Identify the idea and its context
2. Define the change initiative
3. Evaluate the climate for change
4. Develop a change plan
5. Find and cultivate a sponsor
6. Prepare your target audience
7. Create the cultural fit – making change last
8. Develop and choose a change leader team
9. Create small wins for motivation
10. Constantly and strategically communicate the change
11. Measure the progress of the change effort
12. Integrate lessons learned